This book has been five years in the writing. Sections of it have twice been stolen
during travel and have been rewritten, hopeniliy better than the first time – the fond
hope of ail writers who have had their MSS lost, stolen or betrayed. Its ‘progress’ has
been further interrupted by requests for papers for conferences; four of these papers
have been incorporated; others, listed in the bibliography are too specialised for
inclusion here. It is not a conventional textbook. Instead of offering, as originally
planned, texts in various languages for you to translate, I have supplied in the
appendices examples of translational text analyses, translations with commentaries and
translation criticism. They are intended to be helpful illustrations of many points made
in the book, and models for you to react against when you do these three stimulating
types of exercise.
If the book has a unifying element, it is the desire to be useful to the translator, Its
various theories are only generalisations of translation practices. The points I make are
for you to endorse or to reject, or simply think about.
The special terms I use are explained in the text and in the glossary.
I hope you will read this book in conjunction with its predecessor, Approaches to
Translation, of which it is in many respects an expansion as well as a revision; in
particular, the treatment of institutional terms and of metalanguage is more extensive
in the earlier than in this book.
I dislike repeating myself writing or speaking, and for this reason I have
reproduced say the paper on case grammar, about which at present I haven’t much
more to say, and which isn’t easily come by.